World's Largest Telescope Project

The project's largest radio telescope in the world was pursued by several countries, including among scientists. Telescope development named Square Kilometer Array  (SKA) is estimated at U.S. $ 2.1 billion figure.

When it was built, the telescope will be a 50 times greater than current telescopes. Telescope will consist of an antenna 3000 in the region that stretches along the 5500 km. Half of the antenna will be in the central region covering an area 25 km square.

All information received will be transferred with a speed of 100 TB per second. Information will be processed on a supercomputer that works with a speed of 1 million million million per second, or 1 exabytes.

There are two choices of location where the construction of the massive telescope, namely Australia and South Africa. Determination of the location will be the year 2012 based on several factors, one of which is the low radio frequency interference.

So, what's the point SKA it later? Professor Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell, a leading astronomer and president of The Institute of Physics, said the strength of this radio telescope will surpass the things that we've seen today.

"SKA radio telescope will be the first to make us able to understand what happened in the first hundred years after the Big Bang and track history of gas, the gas in which stars of all time from the cosmos," said Boyle.

"SKA could allow us to see how the gas to form stars and galaxies forming stars. You can also see a few stars along the disk and the material formed around it which will form the planet," said Boyle.

Boyle said the SKA indicating the growth of post-Einstein physics that will help people to make the step to understand the amazing space objects and the darkest of universe.

However, Boyle did not reveal more specific what would be found with the SKA. When asked, he simply said, "If I could predict, then we would not be so ambitious."

The technology needed to develop the SKA itself until now no. However, collaboration between scientists and the industry is expected to provide it in a faster period.

SKA development agreement was signed by several countries during their meeting in Rome. Countries that signed, among others, Australia, China, France, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, Netherlands, South Africa, and England.

In total, there were 20 countries involved the construction of this telescope. They will form the legal planning board in mid-2011. Britain plans to invest as much as 24 million U.S. dollars in advanced development phase of the SKA.

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Posted by Dwi Anggono on Wednesday, May 25, 2011. Filed under , . You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. Feel free to leave a response

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